During the administration of Governor George Harris — measures were taken to improve education and increase representation of Indians in the administration. Since the state is entirely dependent on rains for recharging its water resources, monsoon failures lead to acute water scarcity and severe drought. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. The term length of the government is five years. Historically, parts of this region have experienced seismic activity in the M5.
Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants , tigers , leopards , wild dogs , sloth bears , gaurs , lion-tailed macaques , Nilgiri langurs , Nilgiri tahrs , grizzled giant squirrels and sambar deer , resident and migratory birds such as cormorants , darters , herons , egrets , open-billed storks , spoonbills and white ibises , little grebes , Indian moorhen , black-winged stilts , a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans , marine species such as the dugongs , turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects. Madras Presidency At the beginning of the 19th century, the British firmly established governance over entirety of Tamil Nadu. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. The Tamil Nadu legislative assembly is housed at the Fort St. Administrative subdivisions Main articles: The state comprises 39 Lok Sabha constituencies and Legislative Assembly constituencies. The Western Ghats traverse the entire western border with Kerala, effectively blocking much of the rain bearing clouds of the south west monsoon from entering the state. Tamil Nadu has the country's third longest coastline at about Rare and unique plant life includes Combretum ovalifolium, ebony Diospyros nilagrica , Habenaria rariflora orchid , Alsophila , Impatiens elegans, Ranunculus reniformis, and royal fern. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. Cities and towns are administered by Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively. The state has two distinct periods of rainfall: Protected areas of Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu has a wide range of Biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries , salt marshes , mangroves , Seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. The eastern parts are fertile coastal plains and the northern parts are a mix of hills and plains. Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state of E-Governance initiatives in India. This includes species of medicinal plants , endemic species, species of wild relatives of cultivated plants and red-listed species. Flora and fauna There are about species of wildlife that are native to Tamil Nadu. Chennai formerly known as Madras is the state capital. The urban bodies include 12 city corporations , municipalities and town panchayats. The Gymnosperm diversity of the country is 64 species of which Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and about 60 introduced species. Tamil Nadu is one of the states where law and order has been maintained largely successfully. To protect this diversity of wildlife there are Protected areas of Tamil Nadu as well as biospheres which protect larger areas of natural habitat often include one or more National Parks. It is the fifth largest state police force in India as of , total police force of TN is 1,11, and has the highest proportion of women police personnel in the country total women police personnel of TN is 13, which is about The term length of the government is five years. The climate of the state ranges from dry sub-humid to semi-arid.
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